GWD#23_11~15

關於RC、AI與AA的交流區

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GWD-4-Q22 to Q25
Many managers are influenced by
dangerous myths about pay that lead
to counterproductive decisions about
Line how their companies compensate
(5) employees. One such myth is that
labor rates, the rate per hour paid to
workers, are identical with labor costs,
the money spent on labor in relation to
the productivity of the labor force.
(10) This myth leads to the assumption that
a company can simply lower its labor
costs by cutting wages. But labor
costs and labor rates are not in fact
the same: one company could pay
(15) its workers considerably more than
another and yet have lower labor
costs if that company’s productivity
were higher due to the talent of its
workforce, the efficiency of its work
(20) processes, or other factors. The
confusion of costs with rates per-
sists partly because labor rates are
a convenient target for managers who
want to make an impact on their com-
(25) pany’s budgets. Because labor rates
are highly visible, managers can easily
compare their company’s rates with
those of competitors. Furthermore,
labor rates often appear to be a
(30) company’s most malleable financial
variable: cutting wages appears an
easier way to control costs than such
options as reconfiguring work pro-
cesses or altering product design.
(35) The myth that labor rates and labor
costs are equivalent is supported by
business journalists, who frequently
confound the two. For example, prom-
inent business journals often remark on
(40) the “high” cost of German labor, citing
as evidence the average amount paid
to German workers. The myth is also
perpetuated by the compensation-
consulting industry, which has its own
(45) incentives to keep such myths alive.
First, although some of these con-
sulting firms have recently broadened
their practices beyond the area of
compensation, their mainstay con-
(50) tinues to be advising companies on
changing their compensation prac-
tices. Suggesting that a company’s
performance can be improved in
some other way than by altering its
(55) pay system may be empirically cor-
rect but contrary to the consultants’
interests. Furthermore, changes
to the compensation system may
appear to be simpler to implement
(60) than changes to other aspects of an
organization, so managers are more
likely to find such advice from con-
sultants palatable. Finally, to the
extant that changes in compensation
(65) create new problems, the consultants
will continue to have work solving the
problems that result from their advice.
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GWD-4-Q22:
The author of the passage suggests which of the following about the advice that the consulting firms discussed in the passage customarily give to companies attempting to control costs?

A. It often fails to bring about the intended changes in companies’ compensation systems.
B. It has highly influenced views that predominate in prominent business journals.
C. It tends to result in decreased labor rates but increased labor costs.
D. It leads to changes in companies’ compensation practices that are less visible than changes to work processes would be.
E. It might be different if the consulting firms were less narrowly specialized.
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GWD-4-Q23:
The author of the passage mentions business journals (line 39) primarily in order to

A. demonstrate how a particular kind of evidence can be used to support two different conclusions
B. cast doubt on a particular view about the average amount paid to German workers
C. suggest that business journalists may have a vested interest in perpetuating a particular view
D. identify one source of support for a view common among business managers
E. indicate a way in which a particular myth could be dispelled
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GWD-4-Q24:
It can be inferred from the passage that the author would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about compensation?

A. A company’s labor costs are not affected by the efficiency of its work processes.
B. High labor rates are not necessarily inconsistent with the goals of companies that want to reduce costs
C. It is more difficult for managers to compare their companies’ labor rates with those of competitors than to compare labor costs.
D. A company whose labor rates are high is unlikely to have lower labor costs than other companies.
E. Managers often use information about competitors’ labor costs to calculate those companies’ labor rates.
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GWD-4-Q25:
According to the passage, which of the following is true about changes to a company’s compensation system?

A. They are often implemented in conjunction with a company’s efforts to reconfigure its work processes.
B. They have been advocated by prominent business journals as the most direct way for a company to bring about changes in its labor costs.
C. They are more likely to result in an increase in labor costs than they are to bring about competitive advantages for the company.
D. They sometimes result in significant cost savings but are likely to create labor-relations problems for the company.
E. They may seem to managers to be relatively easy to implement compared with other kinds of changes managers might consider.
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TTGWD-15-Q24:
The passage suggests that the “myth” mentioned in line 5 persists partly because

A. managers find it easier to compare their companies’ labor rates with those of competitors than to compare labor costs
B. managers tend to assume that labor rates affect their companies’ budgets less than they actually do
C. managers tend to believe that labor rates can have an impact on the efficiency of their companies’ work processes
D. the average amount paid to workers differs significantly from one country to another
E. many companies fail to rely on compensation consultants when making decisions about labor rates

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註冊時間: 2010年 11月 14日, 21:42
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文章發表於 : 2010年 12月 3日, 19:09
想問這最後第15題
答案A想了很久還是不覺得文章有題到"compare their companies’ labor rates with those of competitors"耶
請問要從哪推出這個答案呢?
謝謝~

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從20行這句就有答案了,連關鍵字都沒換,幾乎不算推論題了,應該算回文定位的細節題:
The confusion of costs with rates persists partly because labor rates are a convenient target for managers who want to make an impact on their company’s budgets.

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GWD-4-Q24:
It can be inferred from the passage that the author would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about compensation?

這題定位我根據 " would be most likely to "(推測)+作者正向的態度
我定位在第57行Futhermore....那句
我定位是否錯誤? 因為我推不出答案
B.High labor rates are not necessarily inconsistent with the goals of companies that want to reduce costs

煩請指點 謝謝

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文章發表於 : 2011年 2月 16日, 12:04
stephanie1452002 寫:GWD-4-Q24:
It can be inferred from the passage that the author would be most likely to agree with which of the following statements about compensation?

這題定位我根據 " would be most likely to "(推測)+作者正向的態度
我定位在第57行Futhermore....那句
我定位是否錯誤? 因為我推不出答案
B.High labor rates are not necessarily inconsistent with the goals of companies that want to reduce costs

煩請指點 謝謝

我的定位句是第一段12行這一句:But labor costs and labor rates are not in fact the same: one company could pay its workers considerably more than another and yet have lower labor costs if that company’s productivity were higher due to the talent of its workforce, the efficiency of its work processes, or other factors
這就是選項B所說不必然矛盾的原因

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