OG#16_25

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文章發表於 : 2018年 2月 13日, 15:29
A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in the week following the airing of a controversial report on the economy. The network also received a very large number of complaints regarding the report. The network, however, maintains that negative reactions to the report had nothing to do with its loss of viewers.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the network's position?

(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week.
(B) The viewers who registered complaints with the network were regular viewers of the news organization's programs.
(C) Major network news organizations publicly attribute drops in viewership to their own reports only when they receive complaints about those reports.
(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.
(E) Most network news viewers rely on network news broadcasts as their primary source of information regarding the economy.

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文章: 259
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文章發表於 : 2018年 2月 13日, 15:30
請教大家一題CR / Support

*對於正確選項A沒有問題,為Support中證明因果關係的類比,但想確認D, E是何種錯誤選項。
(因為CR詳解中找不到這題,先謝謝大家)

A major network news organization experienced a drop in viewership in the week following the airing of a controversial report on the economy. The network also received a very large number of complaints regarding the report. The network, however, maintains that negative reactions to the report had nothing to do with its loss of viewers.

Which of the following, if true, most strongly supports the network's position?

(A) The other major network news organizations reported similar reductions in viewership during the same week.

(D) This was not the first time that this network news organization has aired a controversial report on the economy that has inspired viewers to complain to the network.

(E) Most network news viewers rely on network news broadcasts as their primary source of information regarding the economy.

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文章發表於 : 2018年 2月 13日, 15:31
要support 的點是, 觀眾不看跟播放爭議節目無關

(D) 我覺得既沒support 也沒weaken, 這電台不是第一次撥放爭議性節目. 但我們不知道他之前的下場, 是觀眾不停地跑掉, 還是觀眾繼續收看, 我們不知道. 所以不能當成前車之鑑.

(E) 我覺得是無關選項, 觀眾依賴這類電台跟某個播放爭議節目的電台, 沒什麼直接的關系.

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文章發表於 : 2018年 2月 13日, 15:32
Kory補充一下

關於(D),如同Jerry的解釋,這無法支持或反駁原來的因果關係,這個選項只是在闡述原因而已,無法說明與結果之間的關係,而即便"以前"這樣的爭議報導曾經引起抱怨,也不一定能夠說明"現在"的兩件事之間有因果關係,在因果關係的類比裡面我們基本上會走所謂空間上的類比,時間上因果未必具有類比關係,這也是縱向總結的觀念之一

關於(E),首先還是想想選項和我們本來討論的因果關係之間的關聯,我們不難發現他其實只對原因相關的因子做說明,了不起說明了大家為什麼會去聽,但完全沒有提到結果的部分,屬於out of scope的選項

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